Before I had a custom theme designed by Ryan Burrell, I would find free themes and do my best to modify them into a simulacrum of how I wanted my site to appear. Because I’m not a coder by any stretch of the imagination, this was often a painful process, and the documentation provided by WordPress was often confusing to me. It would tell me the code I needed, but not how to actually do anything with it.
When I began messing with page templates in WordPress, it took a while before I figured out the very simple tricks of how to actually implement them. Templates allow you to impress a great deal of variety on your site, with different pages looking different ways, and I’ll share a few basics with you in regards to setting them up.
Note: You can only use templates on Pages, not on Posts. For the sake of this exercise, we’re going to take a look at an Archive page and how you can modify its appearance and contents.
Name and create your template
There is one very simple component to creating a page template, and that is the meta data located at the top of your new template page. To start off, go into your theme’s files ((For those using a hosted WordPress solution that employs CPanel, that’s probably something like public_html/wp-content/themes/theme_name)) and create a new file titled archives.php.
Note: You have to be careful when naming template files to avoid overwriting existing files in the template. In this case, I already have an archive.php (used to display a list of posts within an archive, such as the page for September, 2009), so I had to name my template something else. ((In addition, some names are reserved by WordPress (such as index or sidebar) so avoid using these names. For a more detailed (and slightly bewildering) explanation, check out Template Hierarchy and Using Themes in the WordPress Codex.))
After you have created this file, open it for editing and place the following at the beginning of it:
<?php /** * @package WordPress * @subpackage Default_Theme */ /* Template Name: Archives */
The key, which I was missing for-freaking-ever, was that “Template Name: <name>” part. It wasn’t mentioned anywhere in the codex (at the time) so even though I had my template all created, I wasn’t able to select it for a page.
With that done, you can build your template. See the attached archives.rtf file for a full example of what my archives template looks like.
Select your template
Once your template file is built and ready, you’ll be able to see it when you create a new page in WordPress. Just select it from the drop down menu on the right!
Using Different Sidebars
I was asked recently how you would use different sidebars on different pages depending on the template, ((Rather than using a different sidebar for all pages, as my other guide details)) and the process should be pretty straight-forward. ((Though I haven’t tested this myself and, again, not being a coder I’m not confident in my logic here)) Just omit the call for the standard sidebar (using the WordPress get_sidebar tag) and call a different one using the following code:
You would, of course, have to have a sidebar2.php file in your template directory for this to work, but you get the idea.